Phytoremediation of toxic metals

using plants to clean up the environment
  • 304 Pages
  • 0.91 MB
  • 4988 Downloads
  • English
by
John Wiley , New York
Phytoremediation, Metals -- Environmental as
StatementIlya Raskin, Burt D. Ensley
ContributionsEnsley, Burt D. 1948-
Classifications
LC ClassificationsTD192.75 .R37 2000
The Physical Object
Paginationx, 304 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18096545M
ISBN 100471192546
LC Control Number99043427

Through first-rate contributions from the top scientists in the field, Phytoremediation of Toxic Metals surveys worldwide pioneering efforts in the use of plants to treat contamination of such metals as lead, cadmium, chromium, and even radionuclides. The authors explore all major aspects of the technology-how it utilizes the metal-accumulating Price: $ This book presents one such promising alternative-the extraordinary new technology of phytoremediation.

Through first-rate contributions from the top scientists in the field, Phytoremediation of Toxic Metals surveys worldwide pioneering efforts in the use of plants Phytoremediation of toxic metals book treat contamination of such metals as lead, cadmium, chromium, and even.

Phytoremediation of Toxic Metals: Using Plants to Clean Up the Environment and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at   Phytoremediation of Toxic Metals/Metalloids and Pollutants by Brassicaceae Plants.

DOI: /_ In book: The Plant. Book Review. Phytoremediation of toxic metals; using plants to clean up the environment. Edited by Ilya Raskin and Burt D Ensley, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, New York,pp, price UK £, ISBN 0 6.

Geoffrey M Gadd. Search for more papers by this author.

Description Phytoremediation of toxic metals EPUB

Book: Phytoremediation of toxic metals. pp.x + pp. Abstract: This book focuses on progress achieved in the use of plants to treat contamination with Pb, Cd, Cr and radionuclides radionuclides Subject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups. Transgenics for phytoremediation of toxic metals and metalloids: From laboratory to field 2.

Genetic engineering for metal and metalloid detoxification 3. Emerging trends in transgenic technology for phytoremediation of toxic metals and metalloids 4. Transgenic plant technology as a tool for remediation of toxic metals and metalloids : $ Phytoremediation refers to the technologies that use living plants including herbs (e.g.

Thlaspi caerulescens, Brassica juncea, Helianthus annuus) and woody (e.g. Salix spp., Populus spp.) species, to clean up soil, air, and water contaminated with hazardous contaminants using their ability to either contain, remove, uptake, or render harmless.

Phytoremediation can be understood as the use of plants (trees, shrubs, grasses and aquatic plants) and their associated microorganisms in order to remove, degrade or isolate toxic substances from the environment [].

The word “phytoremediation” derives from the Greek «phyton», meaning “plant”, and Latin «remedium», which means. @article{osti_, title = {Phytoremediation: A novel strategy for the removal of toxic metals from the environment using plants}, author = {Salt, D E and Blaylock, M and Kumar, N.

P.B.A.}, abstractNote = {Toxic metal pollution of waters and soils is a major environmental problem, and most conventional remediation approaches do not provide acceptable solutions.

Raskin I, Ensley BD () Phytoremediation of toxic metals: using plants to clean up the environment. – John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York Rehman U, Khan S, Muhammad S () Ingestion of arsenic-contaminated drinking water leads to health risk and traces in human biomarkers (hair, nails, blood, and urine).

Pakistan Expo Health Increasing loads of toxic metals and metalloids in the environment and the need for global renewable energy growth have led to development of transgenic energy plants as Camelina sativa, Beta vulgaris, Populus, and Maize so as to address the multiple benefits of preserving nonrenewable energy resources together by enhancing phytoremediation.

Phytoremediation has been proposed as a cost‐effective, environmental‐friendly alternative technology. A great deal of research indicates that plants have the genetic potential to remove many toxic metals from the soil.

Despite this potential, phytoremediation. Additionally, many aspects of phytoremediation were not elaborated upon properly. This current book contains classical and specific literature reviews on phytoremediation, new approaches in phytoremediation techniques and new areas for the realization of phytoremediation, which are not related to traditional pollutants as heavy metals.

In book: Lead in Plants and the Environment (pp) In phytoremediation of metals in the environment, organic acids play a major role in metal tolerance. is a prominent toxic metal in. Phytoremediation of heavy metals: A strategy for the removal of toxic metals from the environment using plants Author(s): Saima Farooq and Mehraj UD Din Khanday Abstract: Heavy metals constitute a heterogeneous group of elements; a relatively high density of approximately 6 g cm -3 is their common characteristic with atomic weight more than.

Raskin I, Ensley BT () Phytoremediation of Toxic Metals-Using Plants to Clean Up the Environment, Wiley Inter-Science Publication, New York, NY, p ix Google Scholar 2. Vangronsveld J, Cunningham SD () Metal-Contaminated by:   Among the hyperaccumulators of toxic metals, Brassicaceae is the largest family representing about 25% of the total hyperaccumulator species reported to date (Krämer, ; Sarma, ).This family has been extensively studied for its role in phytoremediation.

Phytoremediation of Nickel: Mechanisms, Application and Management: /ch Nickel (Ni) is one of the toxic heavy metals, and is recognized for its negative effects on the environment where it bioaccumulates and poses a serious threat.

Amongst the various bioremediation processes, phytoremediation and bioremediation by microbes are quite effective. Phytoremediation includes the removal of contaminants with the help of green plants, while the microbial bioremediation includes the removal of heavy metals by microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, yeast and algae) as sorbets.

Phytoremediation is an emerging technology, which uses plants and their associated rhizospheric microorganisms to remove pollutants from contaminated sites.

This plant based technology has gained acceptance in the past ten years as a cheap, efficient and environment friendly technology especially for removing toxic metals.

Lead (Pb) is one of the most toxic heavy metal in soils causing toxicity to human and biota. Phytoremediation of Pb contaminated soils by different fibrous crop varieties like jute (Corchorus capsularis L. BJC & CVE-3), kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L. HC & HC-3) and mesta (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.

Samu) were investigated in this study. Phytoremediation technologies use living plants to clean up soil, air, and water contaminated with hazardous contaminants.

It is defined as "the use of green plants and the associated microorganisms, along with proper soil amendments and agronomic techniques to either contain, remove or render toxic environmental contaminants harmless". The term is an amalgam of the Greek phyto (plant) and. Jute (Corchorus capsularis) is a widely cultivated fibrous species with important physiological characteristics including biomass, a deep rooting system, and tolerance to metal stress.

Furthermore, Corchorus species are indigenous leafy vegetables and show phytoremediation potential for different heavy metals.

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This species has been used for the phytoremediation of different toxic pollutants. Keywords: Heavy metals, Phytoremediation, Bioconcentration factor, Translocation factor, Catharanthus roseus 1. Introduction An extensive area of the world is contaminated with organic such toxic metals in the plant poses a risk to human and animal health.

Newer Approaches in Phytoremediation: An Overview: /ch The heavy metal pollution problem is all over the world.

Plant-growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) has transformed heavy metals present in the soil, which. A high accumulation of heavy metals in a soil or water can be considered toxic to plants or animals. Why Use Phytoremediation. Other methodologies used to remediate soils polluted with heavy metals can cost $1 million US per acre, whereas phytoremediation was estimated to cost between 45 cents and $ US per square foot, lowering the cost per.

Phytoremediation: a novel strategy and eco- friendly green technology for removal of toxic metals. Int. Agri and Env. Res., 3(1): 1 - PHYTOREMEDIATION: A NOVEL STRATEGY AND ECO-FRIENDLY GREEN TECHNOLOGY FOR REMOVAL OF TOXIC METALS ZAKIR HUSSAIN MALIK1, K.

CHELLAPPAN RAVINDRAN1 AND GANESAN SATHIYARAJ1. Phytoremediation: Filtering Soil Another example, in the long list of uses for industrial hemp, is its natural ability to filter toxic chemicals out of polluted soil.

The cannabis plant readily absorbs many man made pollutants and heavy metals through its roots and stores them, making it possible to then remove the hemp and the hazardous.

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Phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soil by Ann Mary Mathew (Paperback, Ma ) - This study evaluated phytoremediation to remove heavy metals such as arsenic, cadmium, lead and zinc, from a smelter site located in Oklahoma.

References. Landmeyer, J.E.,Introduction to phytoremediation of contaminated groundwater--Historical foundation, hydrologic control, and contaminant remediation: New York, Springer, p.,ISBN More Information.

Using Phytoremediation to Control Fuel Oxygenate Plumes in Northern Climates - Toxics Program Remediation Activities, USGS Toxic Substances. Plants suitable for phytoremediation should possess a series of characteristics: (1) ability to accumulate metals preferably in the aboveground parts, (2) tolerance to metal concentration accumulated, (3) fast growth and high biomass, (4) widespread highly branched root system, (5) easy harvestability, and (6) non consumable by humans and animals (Arthur et al., ).- Phytoremediation: Strategies to Enhance the Potential for Toxic Metal Remediation of Brassica Oilseed Species Pollution of the environment with toxic substances has increased tremendously since the onset of the industrial revolution (Nriagu ).